Plato decorado en azul y morado
Sevilla. Siglo XV
Tableware with blue and purple decoration and lustreware
15th and 16th centuries
During the 15th century, the potters
of Triana, Seville, who had been active since the Almohad period, produced
wares decorated in blue and purple with motifs of Islamic origin – pine
cones and fern leaves, concentric bands and zig-zags – and, throughout
the 16th century, they made lustreware inspired by the production of
Manises, which was characterised by its rough texture and intense golden
Azulejo de arista
Sevilla. Siglo XVI
Cuerda seca crockery and arista tiles
After 1492, the port of Seville acquired
a monopoly of trade with the West Indies. The city grew substantially,
and a large number of palaces were built and decorated with arista .
This technique, of Islamic origin, consisted of applying a wooden mould
to the clay brick while it was still soft. The arista, or edge
of the mould, prevented the different coloured glazes from mixing.
Seville potters also made tableware
and ornamental objects, which they decorated with the cuerda seca,
or dry cord, technique, introduced to the Iberian Peninsula by potters
of Persian origin. This technique involves drawing the ornamental motifs
in manganese oxide combined with an oily material, to prevent the coloured
glazes that were applied later from mixing.
Sevilla. Siglo XVIII
of Italy and China
Contacts between Seville and Italy had
been very active since Niculoso Pisano had settled in the city in the
16th century. He was responsible for the introduction of polychrome decoration
with narrative subjects copied from engravings. Later Seville wares show
the influence of the blue decoration of Savona.
The influence of Chinese porcelain can
also be seen in the polychrome and blue wares of Seville. Plant motifs
are distributed in groups around a central medallion, which is always
filled with ornamentation in the local taste.
Jarra de la serie de montería
Sevilla. Siglo XIX
Ornamental vases and tiles of monteria type
19th-century Seville ceramics are characterised
by their popular style and subject matter. The many hunting and bullfighting
scenes gave this type its name.
Household ware with tricolour decoration
Úbeda potters were active mainly
during the Golden Age – 15th to 18th centuries – when the
magnificent palaces were built that still grace the city today. The
decoration of blue and tricolour ware shows strong Italian influence,
which is combined with Islamic tradition: profuse ornamentation, radial
organisation and concentric bands.